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Transit lanes are a portion of the street designated for the preferential or exclusive use of transit vehicles, sometimes permitting limited use by other vehicles. They are often repurposed from a general traffic lane, designated by striping, signage, and pavement markings. Transit lanes allow transit vehicles to easily enter and exit the lane to suit their route.
On-street transitways are exclusive transit facilities physically separated from mixed traffic roadway by medians or other vertical elements. They are often implemented to ensure reliability of high-frequency/high-capacity transit services such as Bus Rapid Transit, light rail service, or modern tramways.
Transit streets prioritize the street for pedestrians and collective transport. Vehicular traffic is prohibited beyond limited deliveries and permitted access. Transit may have dedicated spaces between sidewalks; the street can be designed as a shared space (shared transit street) with no sidewalks, or any other demarcation, allowing transit to move slowly through the pedestrian space. Maximum speeds should not exceed 10–20 km/h.
Adapted by Global Street Design Guide published by Island Press.
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