On-street transit lanes improve travel time and performance and relieve transit congestion by allocating space for the dedicated use of transit vehicles. Transit lanes are demarcated by signs and pavement markings. They can be peak-only or all-day depending on the needs of transit services and operations. Pavement should be colored to reinforce lane designation and to improve motorist compliance with the lane restriction.
On-street transitways are exclusive lanes for transit that are physically separated by vertical elements such as planted medians, concrete curbs, bollards, or half domes. They are commonly used with BRT and LRT services and provide prioritized transit routes with fast and high-capacity service.
Transit stops are clearly marked areas that indicate where a given transit line stops for passengers. They include signs, route numbers and names, wayfinding information with destinations, schedules, and maps. Transit stops should provide seating for waiting passengers, and maintain clear paths for walking and universal access. Stops should allow vehicles to load to a sidewalk or an island from the transit lane without pulling out of traffic.
Transit shelters should be provided to offer seating for waiting passengers, allowing space for people with strollers and in wheelchairs. When sidewalk space allows and clear paths can be maintained, overhead protection and vertical partitions should be used to offer shelter from weather. Vertical partitions should be transparent to provide safety and visibility to waiting passengers.