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These strategies improve mobility, including that of private motor vehicle users, by reducing demand for space on the road. Reducing vehicle travel by adding a monetary cost to trips, reducing the number of parking spaces, or reducing vehicle capacity can help create the space needed for sustainable modes of transportation to thrive.
Volume and Access Management
These strategies physically or operationally reconfigure street space to reduce the number of private motor vehicles attempting to use the street network. This allows private motor vehicles to use city streets without dominating other modes. Prioritizing spatially efficient modes is done through the allocation of space for these users.
Excessive speed is the leading cause of traffic fatalities. Speed management strategies reduce speeds to ensure a safe urban environment for all road users while maintaining the efficiency of the street network.
An approach as much as a set of tools, network management involves permitting and restricting motor vehicle movement in conjunction with other modes of transport and street users, including tools that limit access for delivery vehicles and local traffic to specific streets.
Parking and Curbside Management
Curbside management is critical to the economic and social success of streets. Managing parking is a strong form of demand management. In many central cities, parking availability is the only real constraint on motor vehicle demand, discouraging their use and therefore reducing the volume of traffic.
Managing the interaction between different street users at intersections and other crossings is a major area of traffic engineering and design practice, with profound implications for safety. Intersection operations can support urban streets by placing the safety of sustainable modes first.
Adapted by Global Street Design Guide published by Island Press.
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